How Training can Help Reduce Incidents on a Work Site

Exploring the Importance of White Card and other Safety Training in Construction

The construction sector is one of the most high risk not just in Australia but globally and in most countries there is a mandatory safety course that construction workers must embark on before beginning work on a building site, Oz is no different. Construction employers often grapple with how to minimise expenses while improving productivity and increasing profits but they often overlook one very important aspect – Safety and in particular Safety Training.

In Oz we are required to complete the White Card course as proof that we are aware of the dos and don’ts of construction site safety, including what the law says but this mandatory training course should not be undertaken just as a means of fulfilling a legal requirement, it is also a valuable resource for workers who are about to begin work in a work environment rich with hazards and risks.

There are certain hazards that are common to almost every construction site whether it is a mining construction site, construction of an apartment building or road construction project and there are also those that are unique to certain sites. The White Card course teaches workers the general hazards that can be expected when working in the construction industry but additional site specific training is also required because no 2 sites will be the same, employers need to therefore address these individual hazards which may be unique to the site.

The White Card Course

The White Card course is the general construction safety training course which is mandatory for construction workers in Australia. Fortunately potential construction workers who do not wish to return to a traditional training environment but wish to complete the course can do so by simply logging onto following the prompts and completing the course online.

There is no hassle to register or stand in queues to register, neither is there any money wasted on transportation costs, textbooks and stationery, students simply register and pay online and begin the course which is administered online.

Most students choose to complete the course in just one day, usually taking just 3 or 4 hours but you can also complete it over a longer period of time without having to repeat any of the work. The system remembers where you leave off each time and when you sign in, you can simply pick up where you leave off.

Once you have completed the online portion of the assessments, you complete a short verbal assessment by calling into our call centre in Brisbane during office hours.

Thereafter you will receive a small credit card sized white card in the mail which must be retained as proof that you have completed the course. This White Card will allow you to work on a construction site anywhere in Oz and doesn’t limit you to working in any one specific state or territory.

Site Specific Training

Although our White Card course has been developed by experts in the construction health and safety industry, it is a general safety course meant to lay the groundwork for the safety knowledge that you will build up over time working on a construction site.

It is up to the employer or person undertaking the business to ensure that all workers have received any additional safety training that may be necessary. This training commonly called Site Specific training will teach workers about the hazards that are specific to their work site and job descriptions.

Such issues as emergency response procedures developed for the site, safety plans etc. will all form part of this site specific training which will obviously differ from site to site. No 2 sites are ever the same, so the hazards and strategies associated with them will also differ.

Employers Additional Responsibilities

Once workers have received the site specific training as well as the general construction induction training, the first thing employers should do is identify the hazards on site. Hazards may be common to the construction industry or unique to your specific site. Employers must consult with workers when identifying these hazards because some hazards may only be known to those workers involved in the specific task. Those responsible for safety should also go through injury records to identify the most common risks.



White Card Update: Addressing the Main Causes of Accidents in the Construction Sector

One of the main purposes of the White Card course which is mandatory for all construction workers is to teach people entering the construction field about the common concerns and their duty of care when it comes to safety on construction sites.

The white card will provide the general safety knowledge necessary to avoid injury on a construction site but it is also useful for workers who have already completed their white card training to refresh their safety knowledge. Also this post will provide potential construction workers with some idea of the most common risks that face people working on construction sites so that they can make a better informed decision.

The most common accidents on construction sites include:

  1. Slips, trips and low falls
  2. Falls from heights
  3. Struck-by accidents
  4. Crushing Injuries
  5. Electrocution

Although these are the 5 most common causes of injury on construction sites they aren’t the only ones. White card training and additional safety training provided by the employer are necessary to ensure workers are well equipped to deal with the hazards of construction work.

  • Slips, trips and low falls

This is the most commonly occurring type of accident on a construction site. Although the injuries they cause are usually minor, they can also be life -threatening.

Too vast to cover in a single post this hazard is not unique to any one trade on the site, everyone on site may be exposed at some point to this hazard therefore it warrants particular attention from employers when safe work plans are being devised and taught to workers. Consider the risks associated with this hazard, they range from musculoskeletal disorders (e.g. strained ankle) to puncture wounds (from falling on sharp materials). And minor accidents aren’t the only risks, fatalities can also occur for example if a worker slips or trips onto a sharp object or breaks his or her neck.

  • Falls from height

All over the world falls from height are the most common cause of fatalities on construction sites and on work sites in general. Those involved in high rise construction in particular need to be especially cautious because there are number of work processes which can result in a potentially lethal fall from height. These include:

Inadequate, incorrectly erected scaffolding,

Absence of edge protection,

Unguarded openings in or on roofs of buildings,

Missing edge protection in roof work,

High risk demolition work

Incorrect and negligent use of ladders and hoists

  • Crush injuries

Crushing injuries can occur as a result of machinery, equipment or traffic on a construction site. They can also be a result of unsafe excavations often lead to fatal accidents or serious injuries.

People working in trenches can be crushed when the sides of the trench are inadequately supported, particularly during heavy rainfall or when construction vehicles are operated too close to trench edges.

Other structures such as walls that aren’t braced can also collapse because they aren’t properly supported.

  • Struck By Accidents

One of the worst risks that construction workers are exposed to is that of being struck by falling objects, materials or tools. Although PPE such as hard hats are mandatory on every construction site because of this risk, it is particularly concerning because it is out of a person’s control. For example a worker can be going about their business on the ground floor when another worker accidentally drops a tool or building materials from a higher level, hitting the worker on the lower level, possibly even fatally wounding that worker.

Issues such as lack of toe boards on scaffolding, lack of tool belts for workers, insufficient storage and stacking, and poor housekeeping can increase the risk of struck by accident.

Workers on site can also be struck by machinery and heavy equipment on site. Improper use of hoists, cranes and other heavy machinery can result in struck by accidents or crushing accidents. Proper traffic plans on site, training and ensuring that operators are high risk certified are vital to minimising struck by accidents involving construction heavy machinery and vehicles.

  • Electrocutions

Electrocutions are another common occurrence on construction sites and they are usually as a result of contact with underground or overhead live cables. Working with faulty equipment, power cords and cables that have exposed wires are also a risk to workers.


White Card Update: Importance of Safety Plans and Training

Anyone involved in any type of construction including mining construction must undergo general construction safety training and when you review the figures over the last few years of the number of people who have been killed in the line of duty on mining sites, it only makes sense that the government has made the White Card a mandatory requirement throughout the Commonwealth for mining construction work.

Between the years 2000 and 2012 there were at least 52 fatal mining accidents in Western Australia alone, according to Department of Mines and Petroleum Safety Executive Director, Simon Ridge was quoted as saying in an article on

One of the recommendations made by the Department of Mines and Petroleum is that issues such as worker fatigue be addressed so that these figures decrease. The department has called for more regular breaks for mining workers who work 12 hour shifts. Understandably these workers suffer from fatigue and in this high risk environment, fatigue can prove fatal.

The following excerpt from the article on explains further:

650x433xmines.jpg.pagespeed.ic.DHiIIE-Sma“In the 13-year period reviewed, the mining workforce rapidly increased from 40000 to 100000,” said Mr Ridge.

“Despite this, the number of fatalities per year showed a downward trend from seven in 2000 to zero in 2012, when the State recorded its first fatality free year in over a century of recorded history.”

“If we had a 100,000-strong workforce back in the 1950s, the average number of fatalities per year would have been around 200, so we have certainly come a long way but our ultimate goal moving forward is to become a ‘zero-harm’ industry.”

Read more at:

Mr Ridge was also quoted as saying that fatigue was a contributing factor in mine accidents by causing workers to lose concentration and be involved in a fatal accident. Mr Ridge was quoted as saying:

 “Fatigue was another contributing factor in the review, with the most common time of day for a fatal accident to occur being the last two hours of a typical day shift when a worker is more likely to lose concentration.”

Read more at:

He also called for the industry to consider a “robust safety induction program” such as the White Card induction course as well as the development of a positive safety culture and more effective implementation of fatigue management plans.

The mining industry has seen a number of fatalities even just over the last year which could be avoided with stricter health and safety adherence and controls that address fatigue as well as overall health and safety.

For those involved in mining construction it is important that workers undergo General construction safety induction training and obtain The White Card, this is a mandatory requirement and is proof that workers are accredited to work in mining construction.

The course covers in general the safety issues relating to construction which is most common as well as teaching people what the law says about occupational health and safety, an employer’s responsibility and workers’ duty of care.


White Card Update: Protecting Workers from Pests

Recently Workplace Health and Safety Queensland called upon workplaces in the state to address the problem of mosquitoes breeding to protect workers from mosquito bites.

The work safety authority has reminded employers that mosquitoes lay eggs in containers that hold water in building sites and work yards which make these workplaces a prime breeding ground for these pests. It is for this reason that workers, particularly construction workers are at risk of getting mosquito-borne diseases including dengue fever, Ross River virus and Barmah Forest virus.

Employers must remember to check workplaces at least once every week for any items that can hold water and remove these if possible. The safety authority has reminded employers that preventing mosquito-borne diseases is easy by simply not allowing water to fill up in containers, tarpaulins, buckets, fallen palm fronds and pot plant bases.

Employers have also been reminded to store any containers that may hold water undercover or in a dry place. On a construction site this may include work equipment, surplus materials or trailers and bins which should be kept covered.

Good housekeeping also plays an important role and any rubbish lying around the site should by thrown into the garbage including empty containers, debris, waste materials, tyres etc.

There are certain construction practices which promote mosquito breeding more than others including sand extraction activities, storm water drainage construction, construction of water retention in tidal areas, land fill operations, sewerage pond construction etc.

Any construction practice that increases the flow of water, silt or nutrient interrupts or prolongs the drainage through these areas, has the potential to promote mosquito breeding.

Diseases Associated with Mosquito Bites

There are numerous diseases linked to mosquito bites but undoubtedly the most well-known and feared globally is Malaria. Arboviral Encephalitides, Dengue Fever, Rift Valley Fever and Yellow Fever are some of the others, less commonly known.

In The NT at least 30 people a year are infected with malaria, most of these people in rural areas but the spread of malaria to the adjacent lying urban areas is also on the rise which is why we need to be proactive in avoiding the promotion of mosquito breeding. Coastal and swampy parts of the country are also at risk.

Breaking down Malaria

Malaria is caused when a parasite infects the red blood cell. Malaria spreads from person to person by the bite of a female mosquito. The mosquito bites an infected person and transfers the protozoa into the blood of a healthy person.

There are actually 4 types of Malaria but the signs of infection are more or less the same, including

  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Enlargement of the spleen
  • Back pain
  • Joint aches
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Severe anaemia
  • Headache

Although malaria can be spread in other ways, the most common is from a female Anopheles mosquito. Mosquito spreads the parasite during a meal through its’ saliva. The Sporozoites thereafter travel to through the blood towards the liver where they mature and enter the bloodstream as Merozite and invade the red blood cells. From here they continue to multiply.

The other diseases caused by Mosquitoes include Arboviral Encephalitides, Dengue Fever, Rift Valley Fever and Yellow Fever. All can be serious and by preventing the breeding of mosquitoes on site, you can avoid infecting workers.

Avoiding Malaria and other Mosquito Linked Diseases

Those living in malaria prone regions such as the NT, coastal regions and areas near bodies of water and mangroves should make sure they follow certain precautions. If you live or work in an area which is prone to mosquitoes in addition to implementing procedures to reduce the breeding of mosquitoes as mentioned above (checking the site once a week for areas where mosquitoes can breed), implementing certain personal protective equipment can also help.

Workers in particularly prone areas should use mosquito repellent cream to keep mosquitoes away from them. They should also wear PPE that protects them like long sleeves and long pants that cover their legs, particularly if they work at night.

Ensure that good housekeeping forms part of the sites safety control plan. Clear shrubs and other weeds around the work site that help mosquitoes to breed and hide. Containers that hold paint, chemicals and other construction materials should be discarded after use and left to collect water and provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Never allow stagnant water around the site to percolate as it helps breed mosquitoes.

Keep in mind, malaria is one of the major causes of millions of deaths around the world and when left untreated, it could lead to many complications that include dengue, paralysis, coma and death.

Most importantly get rid of mosquitoes by keeping your work environment clean.

Worker Killed and another Injured after Building collapsed


Injured worker is removed from the site of the collapse

Photo: Channel Nine

Work Safety Authorities are currently investigating the cause of a building collapse that left one worker injured and claimed the life of another on a building site in Melbourne’s south-east recently.

WorkCover and the Victorian Building Authority investigators are currently trying to piece together the events leading up to the collapse in South Caulfield.

A 20 year old carpenter was unfortunately killed when he was covered by debris as part of a building he was working on collapsed.

According to police, the 2 men fell 10 metres when the top and mezzanine floors of the shopfront collapsed on Thursday morning, causing them to become trapped under the rubble.

This excerpt from a post on explains what happened:

Witnesses report hearing a loud crash as the floors gave way, narrowly missing two electricians working on the ground floor.

The pair tried desperately to free their workmates with the help of passers-by but were unable to save the 20-year-old.

A 48-year-old subcontractor pulled from the rubble was taken to The Alfred hospital in a serious but stable condition with fractured legs and a fractured arm as well as heavy cuts and bruising.

An Ambulance Victoria spokesman said paramedics were called to the site about 10am.

Emergency crews and Workcover investigators spent the day at the scene but will not speculate on the cause of the collapse until investigations are complete.

Renovation of the narrow shopfront between a pizzeria and a beauty salon began in late April.

Read more:

The article goes on to describe how passers-by even joined co-workers to try and free the men from the debris. The younger worker was trapped under a lot of debris and unfortunately died on the scene. The post goes on to explain:

Nick Love, 21, said he and emergency workers worked for about 10 minutes to pull wood off the men. ”Once we got to the [younger] guy, he was under a lot of stuff and I just stepped back and let the paramedics do their thing.”

Source: :

An Ambulance Victoria spokeswoman said the surviving man suffered fractures to both his arms and possibly one of his legs but remained conscious throughout the ordeal. This is the 11th workplace fatality in Victoria this year and WorkSafe is on the scene investigating.

Workers can do little to prepare themselves for an unexpected incident such as a building collapse but it helps to be trained on construction site safety overall.

In addition to being the law, completing the White Card Course will teach workers the basic safety issues needed to operate safely on a construction site so that they do not place their own safety or that of their co-workers in jeopardy.


WorkSafe Warns of Need to Rid Environment of Asbestos

4649080-16x9-340x191WorkSafe has warned that asbestos needs to be cleared out of our environment and people should not be afraid of the clean-up because it poses little risk to people nearby when done correctly by an accredited removalist.

Via an article on WorkSafe says they have often received enquiries from members of the public about whether asbestos removal poses any risk to the people around when it is being carried out.

WorkSafe principal scientific officer, Sally North says that WorkSafe often receives queries when asbestos is removed and as long as workers follow the code of practice which includes minimising the generation of asbestos fibres, there shouldn’t be any harm to the public.

Accredited removalists will know to keep the work surface wet, using a low pressure spray or by spraying with PVA.

North also explained that it is best to avoid the use of power tools to avoid disturbing the fibres and causing them to disperse into the air. She also added that fixtures should be left in place.

Sally North also explained that the risk is greatest for people who work with asbestos rather than those who may have encountered it once off, therefore those working with it need to be more careful.

For more information read the entire article at

Vic Workplace fatalities this year reach 11

So far this year fatalities on Victorian worksites have reached 11, this following the death of a 20 year old worker when part of the building he was working on collapsed onto him.

Co-workers and passers-by tried frantically to lift the rubble and remove the young man and co-worker who was also trapped by the debris during the collapse. The other worker was saved however the 20 year old man did not survive.

This post from has more:

WorkSafe is on site of an incident in Caulfield South, where it appears that part of a building has collapsed.

A 20-year-old man has died at the scene and a second man has been taken to hospital with leg injuries.

WorkSafe investigators are on site and a comprehensive investigation into the circumstances surrounding the incident is now underway.

This takes the number of workplace fatalities in Victoria this year to 11.

See more at:

Emergency crews and WorkCover investigators spent the day at the scene but will not speculate on the cause of the collapse until investigations are complete.

With workplace fatalities in Vic reaching 11 and the high serious injury rate and fatality in other states, particularly in the construction sector now more than ever employers, site controllers, supervisors, management, principal contractors, construction workers and construction firms need to focus on construction site safety.

There has been an abnormally high number of collapses recently and construction workers aren’t the only ones at risk. Earlier this year a teenage brother and sister were killed when a wall collapsed in Melbourne, they were just passing by when the bricks and debris collapsed onto them, killing them instantly.

Construction workers are faced with these types of risks every day, in addition to numerous others. It is for this reason that we need to focus more on construction safety rather than solely concentrating on productivity and the bottom line. Construction safety is afterall in the best interest of everyone involved, the construction firm, workers and the client. If workers are safe, they are healthier and happier resulting in less time off work which means a higher level of productivity and that benefits the employer and the customer.

So how do construction firms ensure that safety is being prioritised? Firstly by ensuring that each and every worker on site, whether permanently employed or temporary workers, experienced or simply a trainee have completed the general construction safety training, The White Card. Each worker must be in possession of their White Card and proof of their completion of the course should be kept on site in case inspectors visit and ask to see it. Without it not only is the worker’s safety being jeopardised but other workers on site are also being placed at risk. It is important that we remember that construction tasks are interrelated and the actions of one can have severe even deadly consequences for others on site.


White Card Update : Caution When Working Alone

A tip truck driver died after being crushed between the cabin of his truck and a tree whilst preparing for the day’s operations.  He was working alone at the time in an isolated area. This is just one of the incidents involving workers who were injured whilst working alone, highlighting the dangers that solitary work poses. These dangers need to be identified and workers need to remember certain work health and safety procedures in order to avoid being injured or killed in an incident.

The risk of injury for people working in solitary may be increased because of difficulty contacting emergency services and following other emergency procedures when they are required to do so.

Emergency situations may arise because of the sudden onset of a medical condition, accidental work-related injury or disease or exposure to the elements. The harm caused can be very serious and may result in a fatality for workers who are separated or working alone. These workers are on their own, therefore they cannot be heard or seen when an emergency arises.


A safe system of work needs to be developed for people who work alone. Employers have a duty to conduct a risk assessment and have a means of communication available for emergency situations.

Employers need to firstly identify hazards that may affect the person working alone and assess the risks of injury from the hazard by considering the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the worst case scenario if it does occur.

Implementing control measures to minimise the risks would be the next step and these control measures need to be reviewed on a regular basis.

The person who will be working alone must be trained and instructed on working alone and the procedures to follow as these will differ from ordinary workers who work in a group.

Workers who work alone have a responsibility to comply with workplace health and safety regulations.

Workers should report hazards and any incidents that may have occurred to their employer. Employers can then develop systems to reduce this hazard.

Even self-employed people have to take care of their own safety when they work alone.

Employers must ensure that in the event of an emergency a means of communication is available.

The person working alone must be trained to carry out work activities safely without supervision, manage events that occur when working alone and follow procedures to obtain emergency assistance if required. If working in a remote location without the proper infrastructure and support the person working alone must be able to do so safely.


Factors that need to be considered when compiling the safety procedures are the amount of time spent working alone, communication, location and nature of the work.

Employers are responsible for providing a safe working environment, information, instruction and training, supervision, personal protective equipment and safe plant and machinery for employees working alone. Employers need to also determine if it is really necessary for the worker to work alone. Some activities may be too dangerous to carry out alone or without assistance or supervision.

The information, training and instruction provided by the employer must specifically address working alone and procedures the worker should follow in an emergency.  Employers should also educate the worker on procedures and use of emergency communication devices.

Procedures need to be put in place in the event of fires, need for first aid or exposure to hazardous material for the worker and be specific to the workers unique situation.

Because of the nature of the work, direct supervision would not be possible but a form of indirect supervision should be employed.

Employers should be satisfied that workers have the necessary skills and capability to work independently before allowing them to do so. Young, new or apprentice workers are particularly vulnerable on site, so employers should be careful to avoid making them work alone.

Workers have a legal obligation to comply with safety instructions as directed by their employers.

Personal security systems should also feature in work-sites where people work alone. These wireless, portable devices carry a signal from the workers transmitter to a transcribe at the companies receiver at a central location. Some advanced devices have non-motion sensor that will alert the head office if there is no movement for an amount of time, indicating a possible emergency.

Workers need to remain especially alert and vigilant when working alone as the dangers are just as real, and they don’t have the same support and assistance as other workers.

Posted by Steven Asnicar.

White Card Online Info: Options and Opportunities

Why Am I Better Off Doing The White Card Course Online?

You may or may not be asking yourself if you should be doing the white card course online. I know that there are pros and cons for each side, whether it be doing it online or doing it in person during a working day. But you need to make up your mind in the end. Countless people believe that the white card process is better online, and some people still believe that they need to hear the course in person to fully comprehend it all. But why do you need to go somewhere in person to have that happen? What a lot of people don’t realize is that the white card online course reads out the different chapters to you, with a recorded voice much like it would be done in real life – so the feeling is still just as personal!

Whats The Real Differences Between White Card Online/In Person?

The white card online course has a few benefits, and these are as follows.

1. No time off work

2. No paying for transport or parking, petrol or accommodation

3. Learn at a speed and pace that is right for you

4. Save Money and Time

White CardKeeping Up To Date

It is important that you are always looking at the news for the construction industry, especially since the white card is now a national wide accepted card. Looking at the news for construction means that you informed about potential jobs around Australia. With the white card giving you access to all of Australia you can travel to area’s with the most work.  Yes, it is a lot of work, but there is a site that makes researching construction news in Australia simple, check it out here!

This site will give you up to date news on the construction industry in Australia, and it will also give you information on any potential changes in safety regulation around Australia so you can keep up with the white card safety practices.

Long Term

When thinking about going into construction consider the long term opportunities. Construction is a trade that will always be around, no matter what the economic climate. This is a plus if you are looking to make construction your career. Another aspect is the future of building projects and the way things will be built in the future.

Check out this pdf documenton the future of construction in Australia, it gives some detailed and interesting information! Remember though, that to be a part of this future in construction you need to go online and grab your construction induction card through the white card course!

The Future

3D constructing is an interesting process, and is done for almost every building nowadays, as it helps architects design the building exactly how they would like it. An interesting 3D construction is shown in this video on the concrete casing that is planned to encase chernobyl. Check it out!

Imagine if Chernobyl’s encasing was not done correctly! It would be very dangerous.

Grab Your White Card (Construction Induction Card) Today!

So what are you waiting for? The process is easy to start and from there it is straightforward and fast, you can complete it at whatever pace you want and if you fail a section – you can simply re take it! There’s another advantage – if you fail you dont have to pay for a second course, you can simply just re-take it!


White Card Online Info: Why Choose Construction?

White Card online teaches you how to be safe on a construction site. So why would you want to work in Construction?  There are several things about construction that you might find appealing.  It can be manual labor with your mates, that requires planning and creativity.  There are opportunities to progress career wise with promotions and bonuses.

What Kind Of Life Will I Expect?

A construction worker lives a pretty good life, and often progresses through the ranks to a more highly paid position. The work is challenging and the mates you will gain can become lifelong friends. You need to expect a hard days work every day, and you have to be able to think on the job, while always exercising safety and using your common sense. This is something that the white card online course teaches. You need to be on the ball all the time, as a lapse of judgement could result in the safety of a co-worker being compromised. When you are working with machinery and heavy equipment at heights, this can be very dangerous. But not only this, you need to be alert when constructing so that the building you make is safe and structurally sound.

White Card



It is important to remember just how necessary construction skills are in the modern world, and not just for constructing buildings, skyscrapers and houses, but also for restoring order when things don’t exactly go to plan. But construction itself ALWAYS has to go to plan. The video below demonstrates how construction of a temporary bridge was necessary in a fast and timely manner and construction skills came in very valuable!




A quarry can be a dangerous place to work, and a lot of accidents happen. This is the kind of thing that the government fights to avoid, and when you get your construction induction card hopefully you can help prevent such things.

Get Your White Card Today!

White Card Online provides more than just an oh&s white card that allows you onto construction sites in Australia. It gives you the ability to learn about safety on construction sites. It doesn’t matter if you are the safest guy on your site, there is always something more that you can learn about being safe.

White Card Course

So get online and get started today, so that you can start applying for jobs, and working on a construction site safely in Australia. Remember, that you aren’t just doing it for your own safety.  Protect NOT ONLY yourself, but also others too.

There are so many reasons to grab your white card online, and the first and foremost of which is that the white card allows you to work on any construction site around Australia, not like the previous blue card (qld). This is necessary for construction work and as such you should take advantage of the opportunities in the industry. The course online is fast and straightforward. It does not take a huge chunk out of your life and you can complete it on and off whenever you want.