Another modern day construction challenge is how to build skyscrapers that can withstand earthquakes because the most high dense cities are often the most earthquake prone.
Japanese builders of the past knew the secret of earthquake proof buildings. They stacked multiple wooden levels to build high rise temples like the one in the picture. The structures reached hundreds of metres into the air.
There were a couple of methods that these Japanese builders used to make the structures able to withstand extreme shaking. One of the methods was looser connections between structural members that allowed some swaying.