Source : JD Hancock
Principal contractors and construction employers have a responsibility to develop emergency response plans because emergency do happen and workers need to know how to react in an emergency. Employers and principal contractors must design an emergency plan that:
• Is unique to the site. Generic safety plans must be adapted to suit the hazards presented by the specific site because no 2 sites are exactly the same. Site specific plans will incorporate specific situation that may arise due to the unique hazards. This is why a simply generic plan would not work.
• When developing the plan consider every stage of the construction project from breaking ground to the final stages. Also consider the ability of emergency services to attend and access the point of emergency.
• Make provision for all issues that may arise including gas leaks no matter how unlikely they may seem. Some of the other issues that may occur are – plant and vehicle rollover, excavation or scaffold collapse etc.
• The plans should include details of the location of the nearest medical facilities and first aid provisions and emergency telephone numbers.
• Include procedures for when the relevant emergency services may not respond or be able to deal with the emergency due to working in a remote area, or traffic delays.
• Regularly review the safety plan and emergency procedures because as the construction progresses, situations change, hazard change or new ones are established so emergency procedures should also be adjusted accordingly.